Hymenoplasty refers to restoration of a previously torn hymen.
The hymen is a thin mucous membrane just inside the vaginal entrance, with a central opening that allows for menstruation blood to flow.
It is commonly torn during sexual intercourse but can also be torn by trauma from horse riding, cycling and use of tampons.
The hymen is usually torn at 3-4 positions with variable sized tears. Excision of each tear and precise suturing of the edges is required to restore its integrity. The procedure is performed with microsurgery either under local or general anaesthesia.
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